How Much Is Capital Gains Tax on Property in the UK?

how much is capital gains tax on property

Capital gains tax is tax on the increase in value of assets. Basically, it’s the amount you pay when you sell assets at a higher price than what you bought them for. In this article you’ll learn more about capital gains tax and its effects on UK property owners.


Capital gains tax is a tax that is paid on the increase in the value of assets such as property, stocks and shares. The tax is levied at either a standard rate of 20%, or at a higher rate if an individual’s income is above a certain threshold. In the UK, capital gains tax is applied to all assets, with the main exception being agricultural land.

The basic calculation for capital gains tax is based on the original cost of the asset, plus any additions (such as improvements) made to it during the period of ownership. If the asset has been sold within two years of acquisition, then no additional tax is payable. However, if the asset has been held for more than two years, then there may be a charge for each year over this period.

Introduction to Capital Gains Tax

There are several ways in which taxpayers can reduce their liability for capital gains tax. These include claiming allowances on purchases, making use of trusts and estates to transfer assets into exempt holdings, and investing in Shares and Investment Trusts (SITs).

Income from property constitutes one of the most important sources of taxable income for individuals in the UK. Capital gains tax can have a significant impact on how much income is received, and therefore how much tax is payable. Capital gains tax in the UK is made up of two elements: capital gains tax on gains from the sale of assets, and income tax on other sources of second income from the same asset.

Generally speaking, the more substantial an asset’s rise in value, the greater its taxable gain. For example, if an asset increases from £100 to £1 million within a year, this will be classed as a capital gain of £1 million. If a rate band applies for each quarter in that year and a person made three purchases of £100 each in that window, then their total gain would be taxed at 3%.

What is Capital Gains Tax on Property?

Capital gains tax is a tax that is levied on the increase in the value of property, including land, buildings and other assets. The rate of capital gains tax is usually 20%, but can be as high as 28%.

The main exemptions from capital gains tax are:

The first £11,000 of gains made on residential property (this includes both owners occupied and rented properties).

The first £2,500 of gains made on savings and investments.

Gains made from the sale of personal possessions, such as cars, boats or furniture which have been owned for less than two years.

How Rates are Calculated?

Capital gains tax is charged on the difference between the sale price of an asset and its original purchase price. The rate at which capital gains are taxed can vary greatly from country to country, and even from year to year. In the UK, rates range from 10% to 20%. In the United States, rates range from 15% to 20%, or 22.5% if you are married and filing jointly. In the EU, the rate is generally 20%.

How Rates are Calculated

A number of factors can affect the amount of your capital gain—and therefore how much of that gain will be taxed. One key factor is whether you have been trading in a tradeable security for more than 12 months. If so, then your capital gains are taxed at a higher rate. Another key factor affecting the tax on your capital gains is realized gains. These are profits from transactions after you buy an asset, but before it’s sold.

How Much is Capital Gains Tax on Property in the UK?

Capital gains tax (CGT) is a tax on the sale of assets, including property. CGT applies to all individuals, private and public limited companies, and trusts resident in the UK. The basic rate of CGT is 20%. There are also various other rates that apply, depending on the type of asset sold.

Property sold for more than its original sale price is subject to CGT at the basic rate. If the property has been held for a period of at least two years after the original sale, then it is also subject to CGT at a higher rate. The higher rate applies if any part of the gain on the property exceeds £250,000.

How Much Is Capital Gains Tax on Property in the UK

Please note that there are various exemption measures available that can reduce or eliminate your liability for CGT. These include holding the property for personal use, occupying it as your main residence, and making improvements to it.

If you have any questions about CGT or how it applies to your specific situation, please feel free to contact us at [phone number]. We would be happy to help you out!

Tips to Reduce Capital Gains Tax on Property in the UK

There’s no escaping capital gains tax (CGT) in the UK, even if you’re selling an investment property.

Here are some tips to help reduce your CGT liability:

Sell within the prescribed timeframe: The UK operates a ‘prescribed timeframe’ for selling an investment property – this is typically six years from the date of purchase but can be shorter or longer, depending on the type of property and the individual circumstances. If you sell within the prescribed timeframe, you may not have to pay any Capital Gains Tax (CGT).

Tips to Reduce Capital Gains Tax on Property in the UK

Use a conveyancing solicitor: A good conveyancing solicitor will be able to help you properly document your property sale and ensure that you pay as little CGT as possible.

Make use of depreciation allowances: If you’ve owned your property for more than two years and have been living in it, you may be able to claim a depreciation allowance against your CGT liability. This can reduce your overall tax bill considerably.


Capital gains tax is a taxes that applies to the increase in the value of property (assets) that you have sold. The amount of capital gains tax payable depends on your individual circumstances and can be quite high, especially if you are in a higher income bracket. If you are unsure whether your assets have increased in value, it is worth consulting with an accountant or financial advisor.